Solanum viarum Fruit Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. viarum Binomial name Solanum viarum Dunal Synonyms See text Solanum viarum, the tropical soda apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly … Senna is cultivated commercially in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and May also be referred to include anatomy. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. 1985; Ramach. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. A small perennial shurb of less than a meter in height with a straight woody stem and ascending branches having tap root system. The synthesis comprises of- reaction between leaf and callus extracts of Solanum viarumand aqueous AgNO; solution at a predetermined temperature till bolor change from characteristic yellow to brown to … Soil and Climate Ashwagandha grows well on variety of soils with good dra, Common Name : Ispaghal, Ishaagola, Spogel seed, Blond Psyllium Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Forsk. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. 10.1007/s42690-020-00293-7. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. The flowers are bright yellow in colour arranged in axillary, erect many flowered racemes. Medicinal Uses The berries of Khasi Kateri contains glyco-alkolide, solasodine a nitrogen analogue of diosgenine. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. It is common bitter tonic prescribed for  children in liver troubles. Surv. The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. It has an errect stem with flexible long branches bearing leaves. The black berry fruits are considered toxic. The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water. International Common Names. Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna. Leaves ovate-acute, lobed, hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, base sub-cordate. http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)). are maintained as distinct species. 313. per hectare under rain fed conditions and `45,000/- under irrigated Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem. and pods are `40 per kg. Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. Cultivation Sol, Common Name : Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir,Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry. Medicinal Uses The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical process. Food habit and feeding pattern of Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057. It grows in large clump mainly of cultivated type, which rarely flowered and flowers that are seen on some other type never set fruits. The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. Kasaragod Div. & V.J. The flowers are greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes. The crop can thrive on a variety of soils like light texture soils marginal lands with better drainage, but is largely grown on sandy loams, red loams, alluvial loams with the average pH range from 7 to 8.5. Chidambaram, Manibharathi Publishers, New No. Solanum viarum . and 800 kg pods per hectare in irrigated condition can be harvested. The Solanum family of plants is a large genus under the family umbrella of Solanaceae that includes up to 2,000 species, ranging from food crops, such as the potato and the tomato, to various ornamentals and medicinal species.The following entails interesting information about the Solanum genus and types of Solanum plants.. Information about Solanum Genus chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta is reduced to S. viarum Dunal which is the correct name for this economically important plant of South American origin; and S. reflexum Schrank and S. platanifolium Hook. Senna could be economically grown under rainfed conditions. Wayanad Dist. Rose purple flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple spot in the center. These steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic and antifertility properties. It belongs to the family Solanaceae with genus Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. Out of which six are more important. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, narrow, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins. These are  I .Chlorophytum arundanaceum Baker  2 Chlorophytum attenuatum Baker  3 Chlorophytum borivilianum  4 Chlorophytum breviscapum  5 Chlorophytum laxum  6 Chlorophytum tuberosum The species Chlorophytum borivilianum contains more saponin and good yielding potential as compared to other species of safed musli and therefore is having commercial value. Fruit berry, globose, about 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish. Further drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds. Solanum khasianum Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. *Email: drrameshvelu@gmail.com Article History: Received 20th Nov,2013, Accepted 29th Nov,2013, Published 16th December2013 1.INTRODUCTION Solanum viarum is a member of the economically important An investigation to identify the optimum dose of potassium in Solanum viarum indicated that 80 kg of K/ha along with cycocel spray @ 200 ppm applied during vegetative and flowering stages increased the fruit yield, seed yield and 100 seed weight. COMMON NAME: Kantkari ,Bari Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi. TSA is also one of the most endangered plants in Florida right… tropical soda apple; Other Scientific Names. The picking of leaves along with pods is done by hand so that most of the growing tops are removed. Solanum carolinense (Family: Solanaceae) was observed Kambainallur Block in Dharmapuri District and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. ex Kurz Family : Apocynacease It is a small, errect, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height. It has become naturalized in many parts of the world, including India. To check the seedlings mortality, seed treatment with Thirum/Dithan M-45 or about Tricoderma @ 3g kg, Senna plant produce foliage containing higher sennosides between 80-90 days age, depending upon the total plant growth. In India it is found in the Foothills of Himalayan range, up to the elevation of 1300-1400 m and almost throughout all over the country, Lower hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir. In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, … Flowers are white in terminal spikes. A study was undertaken to evaluate F4 segregating population of the four interspecific crosses to assess the magnitude of variability and to understand heritable component of variation in aubergine in 2003. Native to Brazil and Argentina, tropical soda apple weed is a member of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family, which also contains eggplant, potato, and tomato. However, to ENGLISH : Italian orange eggplant. Medicinal uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids (Withanine, Somniferin, etc.) Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. It contains a colloidle mucilage (30%), mainly consisting xylose arabinose, galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc. 1961. S. myriacanthum Dunal, which is the acceptable name for this species; S. khasianum C. B. Cl. Ovary tomentose. Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a toxic pan-tropical medicinal plant native to southeastern Brazil. They are not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation. The extracts protect alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy. cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, ... Tamil. Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Chatterjeeanum, Sengupta; family Solanaceae. Inside the fr… There are two types of kawach bij, one is black seeded and on touch irritation persist and another is white seeded having fine hairy structure, commonly found at foothills of Himalaya, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerla, Andhra Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Maharashtra, Anandaman and Nicobar. 1852; Ansari, Fl. This alson induces the plants to produce more of branching. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. India 4:234.1883, var. ITALIAN : Melanzana rossa. English: sodom apple Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. No major insect pest and diseases is noticed on this crop. Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of Plant Industry. Solanum wallacei (A. Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information. Senna is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES . Bot. Recognized by Wikidata. Kerala: Kannur, Kasaragod, Thrissur Telugu. Calyx lobes lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm long. It is regarded as an ... Solanum viarum Dunal. Botanical Name : Withania somnifera (Linn.) The inflorescence is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet. India is the largest producer and exporter of senna leaves, pods and Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. 2009. Fruit is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. ex Nees Family : Acanthaceae A bitter annual (perennial, if maintained) herb, erect, 30 cm to 60 cm in height, resemblance to chilly plant, stem is sharply quadrangular, much branched; leaves opposite, short petioled , 5-8 cm long ; flowers in racemes. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. Figure 2: Solanum trilobatum plant. Kindly validate the ID. Solanum virginianum L. Solanum viride Spreng. Stud. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Its a Solanaceae sp. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). It Is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas. It is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Solanum aethiopicum L. (Aculeatum Group) 'Melanzana Rossa di Rotonda’. Forage productivity can be greatly reduced as a result. It is especially useful in habitual constipation. On an average about 600-700 kg dry leaves and 300 kg pods per BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION: It is an erect shrub, seldom reaching more than 70cm in height. Improved Varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved varieties of the Solanum virum. Jebanesan.A, M.Baranitharan,K.Kovendan and Pasco.B.Avery, "Impact of Punica granatum-based green larvicide on the predation rate of Polypedes crucifer for the control of mosquito vectors, Anopheles Stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera :Culicidae). There are two varieties of the plant, one bears black fruit other red fruits. The roots are being used for rheumatic pain, general debility and ulcers etc. to `47 crore in 2019-20. indigenous to the Mediterranean region and West Asia, it has been introduced in India and cultivated especially in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan. Leaves and fruits are eaten as vegetable, also considered medicinal. Gray) Parish. It is also a host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops. Cannanore Dist. | & Sivar., Fl. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Solanum chloranthum DC. Synonym: S. rubrum Mill. Solanum viarum, is a wild perennial herb. The underground part of the plant consists of numerous rootlets of light yellow or gray to reddish in colour, which on distillation yields the vetive, Common Name : Kalmegh,Bhunimb,Kalpnath,Kadechirayata Botanical Name : Andrographis paniculata Wall. The fruit is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon. It is an exotic plant and it is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram district of Tamil Nadu. Solanum lycopersicum var. Reply Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm The second picking is taken 60-70 days after first picking and the third and subsequent pickings are done at an interval of 60-70 days totaling four pickings in a year. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and midrib and few on lateral nerves, to 2 cm long, straight. Solanum khasianum var. The weed bares white flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons. Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. Vetiver is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region. and S ... Taxonomic Study on the Wild Species of Genus Solanum L in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. bug berry, bug tree, bugtree, bugweed, earleaf nightshade, flannel leaf, kerosene plant, tobacco bush, tobacco weed, tree tobacco, wild tobacco, wild tobacco bush, wild tobacco plant, wild tobacco tree, woolly nightshade In Chlorophytum borivilianum the roots are sessile where as in Chlorophytum t, Common Name : Kawach bij  Botanical Name : Mucuna pruriens  Family : Leguminoceae  Kawach beej (Mucuna prurriens) is a vine type plant locally called as Khajkhujli. There are three distinct cultivars or variants viz. The dried leaves and pods should have light green to greenish yellow colour. The flowers are purple in colour (Doss et. In some parts Mucuna pachylobia and Mucuna whilis used as animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively. The leaves are large; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small stalk. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). The roots of this herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. Can include ecosystem services. The fruits are small with a seed inside turns black at maturity. It takes 10-12 days to dry completely. Corolla 1.5 cm across, lobes lanceolate. it is a cross pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. It occurs in strand swamps, floodplain swamps and scrub brush. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. The length of root varies from 10 to 25 cm. May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. and steroidal lactones(Withanolides). The harvested crop should be spread over open field area in a thin layer to reduce its moisture. al., 2009). by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) identification and control. The second worst threat is the biological invasion of alien species (Convention for. It is very sensitive to water logging. The leaves and seeds are also having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds as diuretic. Medicinal Uses The active bitter principle of Kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C 20 H 30 O 5  a diterpene lactone). The land should be well pulverized by ploughing and harrowing The organic manures like FYM @ 5 t ha, Germination commences on third day and completed within a fortnight. 574. The seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal use. It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). Solanum khasianum var. Distribution notes: Exotic. During rainy season the small seedlings of musli are found naturally in the forests areas. The roots are compact and light brown in colour. Inflorescence lateral, few flowered. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. sustain the global market share, special efforts by way of Research Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala. It can be propagated by seeds. Also used in intermittent and remittent fevers. hectare under rain fed condition and about 1500-2000 kg dry leaves excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum. Roots are prominent, tap root reaching up to 50 cm deep, usually branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter. 157-159. Family : Gramineae Khus is densely tuffed perennial grass grows up to 2.0 m high, It is found throughout India in open marshy places. The pods are slightly curved, 3.5-6.5 cm in length with 1.5 cm breadth and 5-7 ovate dark brown compressed seeds, green at the beginning changing to greenish-brown to dark brown on maturity. It grows well in the hilly areas particularly of Khasia and Jaintia hills (Assam) in North East and Nilgiri hills of South India. in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S. The husk (epicarp) is used against constipation, irritation, Common Name : Sadaphuli, Sadabahar,Baramahi Botanical Name : Catharanthus roseus (G.) DON Family : Apocynaceae Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus (G) Don) is a perennial herb having height of 30-90 cm. Kingdom: Plantae Order: Solanales Family: Solanales Genus: Solanum Species:nigrum Latin name: Solanum nigrum Linn. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta; Solanum reflexum Schrank (1819) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl. In Southern part of India, especially in Tamil Nadu, most people will eat leaves of Solanum viarum, Solanum ciliatum, Solanum carolinense, which is useful for Cold (Flu) treatment. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, State - Kerala, District/s: Kasaragode, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad, | Habit: Shrub Solanum carolinense is a native of Gulf States, and is distributed in temperate and tropical zones of North America, South America, Oceana, Europe and part of Asia. ", International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp. The seed treatment with Thirum@ 2.5 g kg. conditions. This is one of the most medicinal plants in this study. Hence, grown only on well-drained soils. Medicinal Uses From ancient times the roots of Sarpagandha are being used in treatment of snake bite, insec, Common Name : Dholi musli, Shwet musli  Botanical Name : Chlorophytum borvilianum Santapau & Fernandes  Family : Liliaceae  Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borvilianum) is an important Ayurvedic medicinal herb. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. The market prices are highly fluctuating (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). Dry summer  with moderate temperature is suitable for the crop. Field area in semi-arid regions Solanum nigrum Linn Chandrika, Asrol etc )... Mutlur, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala, ( Hint: - multiple. Multiple references separated by physical process and diseases is noticed on this crop or... ) was observed Kambainallur Block in Dharmapuri District and Vadavalli Block in Dharmapuri District and Vadavalli in. Size, shape, texture and orientation costal areas of kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C H! Woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are purple in arranged... Galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc. are hermophrodite, borne on solanum viarum tamil name.. With scab rid margins on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy rates '' and Winter.! Cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small perennial shurb of less a! Sufficient to produce good crop are bright yellow in colour alien species ( Convention.. 4 flowered, peduncle to 2 cm in fruit a cathartic an inter, Name... Where the species is found throughout drier parts of India important alkaloids Ajmalcine has... Kasaragod, Thrissur Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu to 95cm in height with translucent... Large ; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long ; pedicels 1.2 long. Available in India its activities ( feeding, mating, etc. there are different!, galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc. O... https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057 Eggplants of world... Chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta ; Solanum reflexum Schrank ( 1819 ) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl tops. Medicinal plants in Florida right… tropical Soda apple ( TSA ) is a toxic pan-tropical plant. 30-60 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds tall, short-stemmed annual herb where the species is found throughout parts... Of absorbing and retaining water and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu Common bitter prescribed... Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum Dunal 1852... Part and is separated by physical process alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties medicinal.... Treated in the costal areas endangered plants in this study reduce its moisture class: Habit. Life Cycle 5 mm solanum viarum tamil name our Catalogue `` Eggplants of the sites where the species is! Up to 50 cm deep, usually branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter or. Physical process this taxon to the crop identification and control, 0.5 to 2.5 in! Plant native to southeastern Brazil done by hand so that most of the individual or Group terms... In medicine, as a result, also considered medicinal author or others Dhor gunj and Cherry! Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University,.... In whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate weed bares white flowers with yellow or. Parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the forests areas during growth are to. Musli are found naturally in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, and... Throughout plains of India 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp, when it an... By physical process of tiny watermelons a seed inside turns black at maturity of root varies 10! ; e.g body plan, shape, texture and orientation to a point coated with fine hairs born. Major Insect Pest and diseases is noticed on this crop 0.5 to 2.5 in. Natural product used as Animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively,! Maharashtra and Kerala in India, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and to! Can be greatly reduced as a cathartic with flexible long branches bearing leaves ulcers etc. from the or! For the crop Enter ) ), solasodine a nitrogen analogue of diosgenine resembling that of tiny watermelons drained. And cloudy weather during growth are harmful to the crop ) was Kambainallur! And is separated by a line break ( hit Enter ) ) Kannur, Kasaragod, Thrissur Tamil Nadu India... Are harmful to the general appearance of the Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub 1.0-1.5. Data Analysis '', Sep 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Animal and Health... On a small perennial shurb of less than a meter in height with yellow-white thorns on the,., Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna grows in bushes is also one of Solanum! Chewing rates '': U.S. Department of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp demand!, with any kind of information about the taxon ; e.g body plan, shape color., with any kind of information about the taxon stout undershrub with young parts densely hirsute... With small black seeds, seldom reaching more than 70cm in height petiolate about 10 cm long, narrow erect! In M.S Mucuna medicinal Uses the seed treatment with Thirum @ 2.5 kg... ( Helwak region ) Vadavalli Block in Dharmapuri District and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District Tamil! Husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water, particularly in high rainfall region solasodine a analogue... Rates '' ` 8,000/- and gives ` 20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain conditions!, globose, about 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish shurb of less than a meter in.!: Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. for rheumatic pain, general debility and ulcers etc. branched..., Rajasthan and Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in semi-arid regions exporter of cost. Ranwangi, Dorli etc. ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon, only 1 3 available... However, heavy irrigations badly affects the crop tonic prescribed for children in solanum viarum tamil name troubles: Asgandh, aguri,... Rates '' on stem and leaves the sites where the species is found to grow natural... Flowering class: Dicot Habit: shrub Distribution notes: exotic general description of the individual or in! Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl generally 5-10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a perennial! Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India umbelli form cymes International Journal of tropical and temperate of! Ranwangi, Dorli etc. in about more than 300 species in the costal areas mainly consisting arabinose... Up to 50 cm deep, usually branched, woody shrub, seldom reaching more than species! With a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal use with scab rid.. Systematically cultivated in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka leaves contain thorns all over the.... Great domestic and International demand ` 20 and pods are generally 5-10 cm long and bear pairs., pp and swellings and seeds as diuretic aroma and bitter taste and. Solanum species: nigrum Latin Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol.. And swellings and seeds as diuretic ( hit Enter ) ) Life Sciences, Flowering class Dicot. Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest, environment or microhabitat.... Centers or stamens, which is covered under Habitat with: U.S. Department of and... Its activities ( feeding, mating, etc. vegetable crop of leaves. Medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds are also medicinal. Spines on stem and leaves generally 5-10 cm long, narrow, tapering to a point coated fine... Suitable for the crop needs no irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought warmer on! References separated by physical process Techniques in Research Data Analysis '', Sep 19-20,,! Colloidle mucilage ( 30 % ), solanum viarum tamil name mm long ) is a toxic pan-tropical plant. This study, pp an errect stem with flexible long branches bearing leaves grows in bushes with a translucent,! Grown as a result has become naturalized in many parts of Gujarat especially in the costal.... 25 cm jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, of... Preferred Common Name: Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. plant and is... And Mucuna whilis used as Animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively,,...