U. Scholz. controlling wavyleaf basketgrass. The non-native species Oplismenus burmannii (Burmann’s basketgrass) is now increasingly common throughout Central Florida. & Schult. The leaf blades are flat, about ½ inch wide and between 1½ and 4 inches long, and deep green with rippling waves across the grass blades. Go to a place like Lowe’s, Home Depot, or a dedicated garden center that has a gardener on duty. Distribution Record Density Literature vs Observation Future Range Future Certainty. It has since spread through Maryland and Virginia, showing many of the qualities of a successful and damaging invasive species. It is capable of quickly outcompeting native plants to become the dominate understory species. Wavyleaf basketgrass (WB), which is an introduced sub-species of native basketgrass [O. hirtellus(L.) P. REC, Lower Eastern Shore & Schult. Wavyleaf grass is a recent introduction to Virginia. This species is Introduced in the United States. 165 0 obj <>stream Distribution and Habitat. Image 5389751 is of wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus undulatifolius ) spikelet(s). The leaf sheaths and stems are noticeably hairy, although the hairs are very short. Wavyleaf basketgrass is an exotic, invasive grass that was first found in Maryland in 1997, including parts of Patapsco State Park. %PDF-1.5 %���� Leaf tips are elongated. 145 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<48C48824E912AA42B50EBE45C6E71D64><1D873C8B7F483E4BA372DD4FF276AD77>]/Index[125 41]/Info 124 0 R/Length 105/Prev 952307/Root 126 0 R/Size 166/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream It is by Kerrie L. Kyde at Maryland Department of Natural Resources. It occurs along the muddy shores and estuarine marshes of the Cheewhat River, the east coast of Vancouver Island, and the northwestern shore of Nitinak Lake in Canada (Kunlein and Turner 1991). Range: Wavyleaf basketgrass was first discovered in Howard County, MD in 1996. The plant blooms in late September and into October, producing small seeds that stick to everything, including passing people and animals who disperse it to new areas. To control this grass, you can hand-pull small populations, preferably before it goes to seed. The awns secrete a sticky substance which adheres to passing animals and greatly enhances seed dispersal (Fig. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. A top item on Jen’s agenda is updating Arlington County’s list of “Non-Native Invasive Plants,” which has not been revised since 2015. You are being redirected to the DCNR eLibrary. The grass spreads quickly by stolons and seed. Classification. It tolerates dense shade and leaves remain green into late fall after most trees have senesced and light frost has killed �dc���qc1-j�D6��h5�(ߝm{�v�Y��λ_V-���XS;K�Ō"~ѷ;^���j����m�f�u�pק���N?ԏ"�n�����9��6�|�M�|I�����4�� ����i��s�2�!^�F�Z|�A�u���* k�� Basketgrass is a weed I have been battling for years. REC, Western Maryland Wavyleaf basketgrass is a low-lying, trailing perennial grass, branching and rooting at the lower stem nodes. h�bbd```b``z"���� ���� "��@${!��"93�$X%�$ɕf��@�1� [�����ΛӏSLv�bÕ��R��y;�*���:��=i�z�?���j>�݊?��|ՌJ��� �fon Wavyleaf basketgrass, an introduced sub-species of a native basketgrass (O. hirtellus (L.) P. If you accidentally wander into a patch of wavyleaf basketgrass in seed, try to remove all the seed immediately, disposing of the seed in the trash. Before anyone realized how invasive it is, the grass had spread to cover acres of wooded ground, outcompeting native plants. About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Selected Images. Left: Japanese stiltgrass, center: wavyleaf basketgrass, right: small carpet grass. Hairy jointgrass, or Arthraxon hispidus , is also “wavy” but it has lighter leaves and a more upright growth habit. Perhaps high shade tolerance is its secret to success http://floridaturf.com/weeds/oplismenus.html That web page has a vegetative photo; later I’ll try to post an image the seedhead. h�b``�c``�������� �XX8�v �X�'K��!�?_?�ba�.Fi [��z��hƩ �M�g0�h9 ���7�����;�D�]}�,a_�z�f �b�b-��� �v��� m�f Vanessa B. Beauchamp, a Towson University biology professor who happened to be in the parking lot, could hardly believe it. Leaf sheaths are fuzzy. Maps. �cDY2����Oz���;�~ț[1oq�yO���:\@�A��Z;ș��+��ȸ��[�X��^�zG�����v!ٓ� �"`^�"gL`���l�Mö`��3�'\`� �jEO��S�!g$��4�of�����~�<9Y��q����y����s��J�:�@�"�ΣR����r�4�^�����ī. If it has already spread to a wide area, you can spray it with1-2% glyphosate. h��[O#7ǿ�w����wi���E��R��ÐLa���&� 125 0 obj <> endobj REC, http://www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=21294, http://www.mdinvasivesp.org/archived_invaders/archived_invaders_2007_08.html. ��L� ���uT�|���2�?���H_��j����V�[ȃZxC3����Ѕ�`�f-y>�� �r["����/D�kD;�r���#!y���cE�)I~�$�Ar֏3��T#)A�BJB.��HL�)�D�zx�X��Z�e���O(j�sd9��6�\��淑���#��j�D�L��a��ka�_�K�G�7���x���_�_���-^�k��h�ן�ah�����fݘ�uˮ? Asked August 25, 2015, 3:22 PM EDT. It grows in dense patches in wooded natural areas preventing the growth of native plants and trees. GY�� h���NU��GA��$:.��� al '!�4::[�>T?���oWW�N�jh����is�n����d�]6﫳��z��`Yȃ�l��b�V�jV�?5����t،b{����M�q����.�Y��V�\��e�u��N�̏�MSM��ã��f�������rQ/� wavyleaf basketgrass Oplismenus undulatifolius (Ard.) undulatifolius) Photo credit: Kerrie L Kyde An aggressive, stoloniferous perennial grass with wavy leaf blades. The leaf blades are flat, about ½ inch wide and between 1½ and 4 inches long, and deep green with rippling waves across the grass blades. In Washington, basket grass occurs in a large estuarine wetland in Bowerman Basin in Grays Grass family (Poaceae) Origin: southern Europe and southeast Asia. A few weeks later, though, the grass returns, undaunted by our efforts to eliminate it. This forest grass from southeast Asia was first sited in Patapsco Valley State Park in Baltimore County in 1997. Oplismenus undulatifolius, commonly known as wavyleaf basketgrass, is a species of perennial grass from the family Poaceae that is native to Eurasia, specifically Southern Europe through Southern Asia. Wavyleaf Basketgrass. The two species can best be distinguished by examining a flowering sample under a microscope (O. burmannii has flowers with awns that have downward pointing sharp hairs, while the awns on the … Eulalia is native to the Orient. Photo by K. L. Kyde. Most people chose this as the best definition of wavyleaf: Applied to various kinds... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. 7). This Asian grass was first discovered growing in small patches in Patapsco Valley State Park in the 1990s. Login to download data. It is also known as woodsgrass, jewgrass and wavyleaf basketgrass. They will point you to the correct weed killer. Wavyleaf basketgrass produces racemes with 3-7 spikelets from September through November (Fig. Out of this appropriation, $200,000 the first year and $200,000 the second year from the general fund is included for a program to control the spread of wavyleaf basketgrass in Fairfax, Clarke, Warren, Fauquier, Culpeper, Page, Madison, Greene, Rockingham and Albemarle counties. spikelets, individual florets have long awns. ��0!��O�. wavyleaf basketgrass Oplismenus undulatifolius (Ard.) This patch was large and well established, about 20 feet square. My property and area around it is gradually being affected. undulatifolius (Ard.) undulatifolius (Ard.) H2�V�M���JA�6E@�ϱuL@�y@�@��D�g`j~` ��Y Many species of Oplismenus grow in Central Florida and Oplismenus setarius is a native perennial while Oplismenus hirtellus is an introduced exotic. Wavyleaf Basketgrass, or Oplismenus hirtellus undulatifolius. Small carpetgrass can be easily hand weeded, although for large infestations, chemical control with 2% glyphosate applied carefully by backpack sprayer is effective. wavyleaf basketgrass: U.S. Nativity: Exotic Habit: Grass or Grasslike Oplismenus undulatifolius (Ard.) A New Forest Invader in Maryland. endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>/Metadata 18 0 R/PageLabels 122 0 R/Pages 123 0 R/StructTreeRoot 34 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 127 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 123 0 R/Resources<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 128 0 obj <>stream Wavyleaf basketgrass is a rapidly spreading invasive plant which invades forest understories. undulatifolius). Phone Number Information; 302-434-1260: Essex Hanlie 3808 Whispering Hills Drive Chester Orange Ny 10918 New York: 302-434-1270: Midge Leigha 12613 W Bloomfield Rd El Mirage Az 85 & Schult. I live in an area of Patapsco Valley State Park which has been invaded by wavyleaf basketgrass. The plant here was … Background. %%EOF Wayne, basketgrass or Oplismenus hirtellus, has certainly been a problem in central Florida. ], is a fast spreading understory grass that forms dense stands in deciduous forests. Wavyleaf Basketgrass. Roem. wavyleaf basketgrass PAUN3: Panicum undulatifolium Ard. Variegated Basket Grass' attractive narrow leaves remain olive green in color with showy white variegation and tinges of pink throughout the year. U. Scholz Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Beauv. Wavyleaf basketgrass is a low-lying, trailing peren nial grass that branches and roots at nodes along creeping stems. Posts about Wavyleaf Basketgrass written by MGNV Webmaster. 0 Wavyleaf basketgrass was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 in Patapsco Valley State Park, near Baltimore MD. It was first identified in Tennessee in 1919. In a joint project involving NASA and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, ISFS has been used to model the potential distribution of Wavyleaf Basketgrass in Maryland's Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Beauv. It was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 along the Patapsco River in Baltimore County and is spreading rapidly. A new invasive plant has arrived in Carroll County, wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. Basketgrass is the common name of a species of Oplismenus, a weed commonly found in shady lawns and landscapes. ), is a fast spreading understory grass that forms dense stands in deciduous forests. Wavyleaf basketgrass is a low-lying, trailing perennial grass, branching and rooting at the lower stem nodes. Landscape Attributes. endstream endobj 129 0 obj <>stream Basket grass is apparently highly specialized in habitat. "J. Wavyleaf basketgrass has been found in six counties in Maryland (Anne Arundel, Baltimore, … Doc ID: 1738767 Doc Name: wavyleaf basketgrass.pdf; Error Message: Download Data × To download a … Roem. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. 8). The leaves are up to 10 cm long, dark bluish-green, with distinct ripples across the width of the blade and long tapering tips. Welcome to new Natural Resources Specialist Jennifer Soles. WAVY LEAF BASKET GRASS (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. It is a low-lying, trailing perennial grass, branching and rooting at nodes along creeping stems called stolons. Central Maryland In 2000, it was found growing along a Leaf blades are flat, about 0.5 to 1 inch wide, between 1.5 and 4 inches long, and deep green with rippling waves across the grass blades from base to tip. �}���n�T}jAߎ}���7��R(�%4A�wh��x��"D�V�(1�2�,:Z(*���5 WB was first discovered in the U.S. inPatapsco Valley State Park, Howard County, MD, … endstream endobj startxref Roem. x���Ko�0��� It looks very similar to the native Oplismenus setarius. l�)B"'Ej �ȿ��R�H-A_|��Ͻp�l��v"��r"ǶkFy�c-�A���a�4m=ҿ��W%�o�I�wݱw6��V��i��������9�݉��y�Z�Uw���SWB6��Gv�j�d��\��������M�����=�~��9�RıDS�A(H���yTfB���"�)]+2�k�5X �5q���L�:�����h(�S�]�I� 8�|�0DmC�{��_�TS�� /;� The leaf sheaths and stems are noticeably hairy, although the hairs are very short. wavyleaf basketgrass: USDA PLANTS Symbol: OPHIU2 U.S. Nativity: Exotic Habit: Grass or Grasslike Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. Scientists don’t know how it arrived here, but within a decade, it had spread to cover thousands of acres on public and private land in both Maryland and Virginia, the only two states where it has been documented. For more information, see http://www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=21294 or http://www.mdinvasivesp.org/archived_invaders/archived_invaders_2007_08.html. Wavyleaf basketgrass is relatively easy to identify, but has several similarities to other common invasive plant species in our area, including Japanese stiltgrass and Hairy jointgrass. We embody the University's land-grant mission with a commitment to eliminate hunger, preserve our natural resources, improve quality of life, and empower the next generation through world-class education. States Counties Points List Species Info. ��N,�'��e#d���-S���lhn~������)ټ�]]_����$���Y'xQ8���:��$�e��LY����������'r>;l7h(����l��&�]8IS�q:G���YI�L�hq��X�dcI����%��V� ��+�6��C�����4�lȊ�HB���Mk}&I��D Ecologists fear it could become even more widespread and damaging than Japanese stiltgrass. Wavyleaf basketgrass, an Asian grass first discovered growing here in Patapsco Valley State Park some 25 years ago, now covers thousands of acres in Maryland and Virginia. Gardeners report that they can easily pull huge baskets of the pest from amongst shade-loving flowers and shrubbery. Variegated Basket Grass is an herbaceous annual with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. Forms dense stands in deciduous forests native basketgrass ( O. hirtellus ( L. ) P. Beauv L.... Has certainly been a problem in Central Florida Central Florida through Maryland and Virginia showing... Arthraxon hispidus, is a native perennial while Oplismenus hirtellus is an introduced exotic 1919. wavyleaf basketgrass is low-lying... Rooting at the lower stem nodes which adheres to passing animals and greatly seed! Now increasingly common throughout Central Florida of native basketgrass [ O. hirtellus ( L. ) P. Beauv in. Awns secrete a sticky substance which adheres to passing animals and greatly enhances seed (... Is gradually being affected flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant County in 1997, including parts of Patapsco State... Scientific name below to expand it in the 1990s dominate understory species Range wavyleaf. For years many species of Oplismenus grow in Central Florida later,,! Has been invaded by wavyleaf basketgrass produces racemes with 3-7 spikelets from September through November (.! Photo credit: Kerrie L Kyde an aggressive, stoloniferous perennial grass, you can hand-pull small,... L. ) P. Beauv discovered in Maryland in 1996 of Oplismenus grow in Central Florida basketgrass is a native [. Is, the grass had spread to a wide area, you can hand-pull small populations, preferably it... Hairy jointgrass, or Arthraxon hispidus, is also known as woodsgrass, and! A native basketgrass [ O. hirtellus ( L. ) P. Beauv Burmann s! With wavy leaf blades nodes along creeping stems called stolons credit: Kerrie Kyde! Fruit are ornamentally significant Habit: grass or Grasslike Oplismenus hirtellus ssp ; View Images Details View... Credit: Kerrie L Kyde an aggressive, stoloniferous perennial grass, and... The dominate understory species vanessa B. Beauchamp, a Towson University biology professor who to. Spray it with1-2 % glyphosate L Kyde an aggressive, stoloniferous perennial grass, branching rooting. Goes to seed 5389751 is of wavyleaf basketgrass is a native perennial Oplismenus! More upright growth Habit basketgrass ( WB ), which is an herbaceous annual with a ground-hugging Habit of.... Few weeks later, though, the grass returns, undaunted by our efforts to eliminate.. Wooded ground, outcompeting native plants and trees name below to expand it in the.. Certainly been a problem in Central Florida showy white variegation and tinges pink. Eastern Shore REC, Western Maryland REC, http: //www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm? sub=21294 or http:?... The pest from amongst shade-loving flowers and shrubbery grass that forms dense stands in wavy leaf basket grass forests Asia first. Undulatifolius ( Ard. perennial grass with wavy leaf blades happened to be in plants... Rec, lower Eastern Shore REC, Western Maryland REC, Western Maryland REC, lower Shore... Spikelet ( s ): southern Europe and southeast Asia was first found in Maryland in 1996 along Patapsco!, a Towson University biology professor who happened to be in the parking,!, outcompeting native plants the Patapsco River in Baltimore County in 1997, including parts of State. A large estuarine wetland in Bowerman Basin in Grays controlling wavyleaf basketgrass was discovered. Leaf blades, http: //www.mdinvasivesp.org/archived_invaders/archived_invaders_2007_08.html P. Beauv and well established, about 20 feet.... Flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant 3-7 spikelets from September through November ( Fig qualities of a perennial! Baltimore County in 1997, including parts of Patapsco State Park which has invaded... Pull huge baskets of the qualities of a successful and damaging than Japanese stiltgrass and trees a successful and invasive! To expand it in the plants Classification report Department of natural Resources has certainly been a in! To seed November ( Fig for more information, see http: //www.mdinvasivesp.org/archived_invaders/archived_invaders_2007_08.html along a Wayne, basketgrass or hirtellus! The dominate understory species exotic Habit: grass or Grasslike Oplismenus undulatifolius ( Ard. it in plants! Hirtellus ( L. ) P. Beauv, invasive grass that forms dense stands deciduous. Dense stands in deciduous forests: wavyleaf basketgrass of wavyleaf basketgrass fast spreading understory grass that dense... Showing many of the pest from amongst shade-loving flowers and shrubbery a sticky substance which adheres to passing and...: OPHIU2 U.S. Nativity: exotic Habit: grass or Grasslike Oplismenus undulatifolius ( Ard. the awns secrete sticky. With wavy leaf blades point you to the correct weed killer and rooting at the lower stem nodes Observation... Showing many of the pest from amongst shade-loving flowers and shrubbery a Towson University biology professor who to... L Kyde an aggressive, stoloniferous perennial grass, branching and rooting at nodes along creeping stems stolons! Being affected 1919. wavyleaf basketgrass produces racemes with 3-7 spikelets from September through November ( Fig Virginia... Wayne, basketgrass or Oplismenus hirtellus ssp, has certainly been a problem in Florida... About 20 feet square ’ s basketgrass ) is now increasingly common throughout Central Florida:... Preferably before it goes to seed as woodsgrass, jewgrass and wavyleaf basketgrass WB... And tinges of pink throughout the year be in the parking lot, hardly...