development of city-states in the region of the Aegean Sea, including patterns of trade and commerce among Greek city-states and within the wider Mediterranean region. Ancient Greece: Lesson #6 The Olympics and the Gods (1 of 2) For a complete 3-4 day mini-unit, to supplement this section, and better position the importance of Greek city-states: Ancient Greek Olympic Games in the Classroom. How did the geography of Greece present obstacles to unity? Within these geographic conditions, the ancient Greeks established numerous small city-states separated from each other by mountains or water. How do you think geography influenced the outcome of the war? 10 terms. docx, 17 KB. Greek civilization, like Greek religion, was a decentralized affair. 2. Before Solon's reforms, wealthy citizens ruled Athens. From this word we derive many English words: politics, for the running of a polis; police, a man who serves the polis; and even polite, meaning you have the manners of a civilized person. Greek physicians were the first to study the causes of sickness. This resource is designed for UK teachers. Alexander the Great dies in Persia 146 B.C. In Greek, the word for city-state was polis. Medieval Christian Europe Part II. But the Greeks did not invent the polis. Key Terms. One example might be ... city-states, but over time other forms of government evolved. How did the ancient Greeks honor their gods? Lesson Plans - Greek City-States and Trial by Jury. The geography of mountains separated the Greek towns physically, and surmounting this separation made unifying the region difficult. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Report a problem. How were the lives of Athenian women similar to the lives of other Greek women? Scan the title of the chapter and the lesson titles. Cleisthenes set up a council comprising 500 Athenian citizens. Ancient Greek City States. You will learn about the rise of the Greek city-states, and the causes and consequences of conflict between Athens and Sparta. How do you think Greek concepts related to the rights and responsibilities of citizenship influence modern societies? Socrates, Mock Trial, Classroom Activity (2-3 class periods, 55 minutes each) Early Greece: Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dorians, & the Greek Dark Ages - … The geography of mountains separated the Greek towns physically, and surmounting this separation made unifying the region difficult. The temples and government buildings were often built on the top of a hill, or acropolis. The Greek city-states couldn't defend themselves against the growing power of the Romans and eventually, they fell. In ancient Athens, questions of law were decided by juries, but the juries comprised thousands—not just 12—citizens. The idea of citizenship developed in Greek city-states. Archimedes—ancient Greek inventor and mathematician who invented Archimedes’ Screw 3. aristocrats—wealthy property owners in ancient Greece 4. Rome rules most Greek city-states 0192-0201 CH12-846240 10/25/02 2:42 PM Page 192 Most ancient civilizations developed along river valleys. What changes took place under Cleisthenes? Athens and Sparta were the largest Greek city-states. Blackboard/Chalk. The people who lived in Athens were descended from the Mycenaean people. Creative Commons "Sharealike" Other resources by this author. Greek City States Information. What factors united the city-states of Greece? Heroes in Greek Mythology __ "This lesson examines the characteristics of Greek heroes and leads students to recognize references to Greek mythological heroes found in literature and culture today. 192 UNIT 4 THE GREEKS 12 The Hellenistic Period 335 B.C.–145 B.C. It looks at locating Greece and discussing its position in the world, when the Ancient Greeks were, what a City State is, understand Ancient Battles and specifically the Battle of Marathon, learning about the Greek Alphabet, pottery and a chance for them to make their own vase. Which modern American institutions and systems resemble these reforms? Alyse_Oei. Most ancient civilizations developed along river valleys. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. These reforms resemble the American system of citizenship and American institutions like the Senate and House of Representatives, or Congress. He also established an assembly made up of all Athenian (male) citizens. Their independent attitude, however, along with intense local identification and economic competition created friction that continually led to fighting among the Greek city-states. Religion: Same in all city-states: Polytheism – believed in many gods and goddesses, which had Ancient Greek Olympics for the Classroom 3-4 days mini-unit with student role handouts and games, designed for 6th grade, can be adjusted for any grade. Dive Deeper Greek … How do they differ? To learn more about Greek history, review the related lesson called Greek City-States and Governments. tribute - a payment made by a less powerful state or nation to a more powerful one. Provide evidence from the text that supports this idea. Geographic features, such as mountains, limited their size. The effects of the war were to end Athenian dominance in Greece and to allow an opening for another powerful kingdom to conquer the Greek city-states. they had to obey their fathers and husbands, they did not take part in politics. Sparta was located inland, which protected the city from attack by the superior Athenian navy. Their lands included the plains that surrounded the center city. How did the ancient Greeks honor their gods? How do you think the culture and values shared by Greeks both united and divided them? Describe the relationship between the rise of democracy and the spread of new ideas in Greek city-states. The Greeks shared a common culture—speaking the same language, honoring the same legendary heroes, taking part in festivals together, and praying to the same gods. Which Greek city-state scorned trade and affluence and did not allow its citizens to travel? Here is 10 lessons worth of planning and resources for Ancient Greeks. heir language and shared myths and religious beliefs and a general feeling of their uniqueness and superiority over other peoples. Lesson 2: Greek Colonization and The Polis Colonies and trade spread Greek culture and spurred industry. ... Greek Trade, 500 B.C. How does the modern American justice system resemble the Athenian justice system under Pericles? Also, the assembly comprised all male citizens, whereas American institutions seat only a select number as elected by other citizens. How do they differ? To understand a city-state , think of the United States if there was no president, no Congress, no Washington DC, no federal laws that applied to all the people, only individual states. MiahNault. What were the cause and effects of the Peloponnesian War? Ruler of the gods was Zeus. City States of Greece Evidence Graphic Organizer: Click Here. The Greeks Fight Against Each Other (p. 263) Athens was the most powerful Greek city-state during the Golden Age. jade_lfc23 General Knowledge Quizzes. Athens was able to use its sea power to strike at distant Spartan territory in Macedonia. Sparta and other rivals of Athens set up the Peloponnesian League. Greek concepts about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship set the standard by which we judge the claims and results of modern democratic governments and societies. Why did the ancient Greeks celebrate the Olympic games. Alexander the Great rules Greece 323 B.C. Greek civilization began around 4,000 years ago. Greek City-States City-states became common in Greece about 700 B.C. Philip becomes ruler of Greece 336 B.C. The earliest civilizations rose in fertile river valley and were led by strong rulers. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The two camps fought for 27 years. Solon tried to involve more ordinary people in government. The Rise of Ancient Greece. Thus, Sparta's powerful army had a geographical advantage. Which modern American institutions and systems resemble these reforms? The earliest civilizations rose in fertile river valley and were led by strong rulers. What factors united the city-states of Greece? Sparta. Pencil/Pen. ... Unit 8 Lesson 2: Fuedalism and the Mannor Economy. Type of Lesson: Developmental. Early Greek civilization, like the Minoans and Mycenaeans, were greatly influenced by the geography Greece. The Greeks built temples and celebrated festivals to honor their gods. UNIT 5 LESSON 2 GREEK CITY STATES INTRODUCTION In this lesson, you will examine Greek geography and determine the physical features that helped and hurt ancient Greek civilization. The rights citizens have, such as equality before the law, and the responsibilities they fulfill, such as participating in public life or defending their country, go back to the ideals and practices of ancient Greece. Around 478 B.C., Athenian leaders formed an alliance, or group that works together, called the Delian League. Chapter 6. Aristotle—ancient Greek philosopher; teacher of Alexander the Great 5. Textbook. Start studying Unit 6 The Greek City-States. At one time in ancient Greek history, there were nearly 1,000 city-states on the Greek peninsula! Lesson 2 Sparta and Athens: City-State Rivals, Continued Glue Foldable here 1101-104_TN_RESG_MS_C9_L2_134047.indd 10301-104_TN_RESG_MS_C9_L2_134047.indd 103 99/18/13 10:22 AM/18/13 10:22 AM How did Solon reform government in Athens? their language and shared myths and religious beliefs and a general feeling of their uniqueness and superiority over other peoples. In ancient Athens, questions of law were decided by juries, but the juries comprised thousands—not just 12—citizens. They held public processions, made sacrifices, and participated in feasts, plays, choral singing, and athletic competitions devoted to their gods. The cause was resentment of city-states for Athenian domination of the Greek world. Solon tried to involve more ordinary people in government. For Teachers - Ancient Greek Governments. These leaders organized irrigation systems so that farmers could produce food surpluses that could support large cities. How did Solon reform government in Athens? The effects of the war were to end Athenian dominance in Greece and to allow an opening for another powerful kingdom to conquer the Greek city-states. For most of ancient Greek history the largest political unit was the city-state, which they called a polis (plural poleis). Athens Playlist: Click Here. Alexander the Great A gold coin showing Philip II of Macedonia 338 B.C. It could strike directly at Athens by marching through its own territory and crossing the isthmus that connects the Peloponnesian peninsula to the Greek mainland. The Greeks built temples and celebrated festivals to honor their gods. Warring City-States Chapter 5 Lesson 2 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Cleisthenes set up a council comprising 500 Athenian citizens. Categories & Ages. Write three questions that you think will be answered in the chapter. The royal family traced its history back 250 years to the time of the Greek conqueror Alexander the Great. View US version. A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece.Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. How did the geography of Greece differ from that of other ancient civilizations? Finally, you will compare and contrast Athenian culture, society, and politics with … Nevertheless, much of Greek … "Worksheet Answers: The City-States of Athens and Sparta" 2 ATHENS SPARTA Religion: Polytheism – believed in many gods and goddesses, which had human qualities. Under Solon's reforms, all free men living in Athens became citizens. However, Athenian forces could not strike directly at Sparta itself without sailing around the Peloponnesian peninsula and fighting their way inland. Start studying Lesson 2: The Greek City-States World History A Unit 6: Ancient Greece. By contrast, Greece, part of the Balkan peninsula, is divided by mountains into isolated valleys, has a rugged coast, and includes hundreds of rocky islands. ... Unit 5 Lesson 2. How did the geography of Greece differ from that of other ancient civilizations? 7 They could thank their ancestors for that, the king said. Which greek city-state was known for its great military strength and disciplined ways of life? Describing Characters Lesson 6 Lesson 6 Describing Characters 101 6ut her father was the ruler of Egypt! However, Athens only recognized men as citizens and only permitted men to participate in government. Overhead projector How do they differ? Most city-states were small. Sparta. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings. These reforms resemble the American system of citizenship and American institutions like the Senate and House of Representatives, or Congress. Athens—ancient Greek city-state 6. city-state—an ancient Greek region that has its own government and citizenry 7. You may recall that both Mesopotamian … Ancient Greek civilization is responsible for introducing the world to democracy, the Olympic games, architecture, theater, and amazing discoveries in science, math, and literature. Greek concepts about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship set the standard by which we judge the claims and results of modern democratic governments and societies. Before Solon's reforms, wealthy citizens ruled Athens. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Three types of government in various ancient Greek city-states: First, review different kinds of government in ancient Greece (Mrs. Donn) Graphic Organizer, ancient Greek government. Why didn’t he and his B family speak the native language? However, Athens only recognized men as citizens and only permitted men to participate in government. Eventually, the Spartans won with the help of the Persians. Also, the assembly comprised all male citizens, whereas American institutions seat only a select number as elected by other citizens. Within these geographic conditions, the ancient Greeks established numerous small city-states separated from each other by mountains or water. Their independent attitude, however, along with intense local identification and economic competition created friction that continually led to fighting among the Greek city-states. Eventually, the Spartans won with the help of the Persians. Contrast the earliest civilizations, which rose in fertile river valleys, with the geographical conditions that influenced the rise of ancient Greek civilization. The two camps fought for 27 years. Under Solon's reforms, all free men living in Athens became citizens. Athens was another important Greek city-state. These leaders organized irrigation systems so that farmers could produce food surpluses that could support large cities. How do you think the culture and values shared by Greeks both united and divided them? By contrast, Greece, part of the Balkan peninsula, is divided by mountains into isolated valleys, has a rugged coast, and includes hundreds of rocky islands. What were the cause and effects of the Peloponnesian War? M e d i t e r r a n e an S Black Sea Ionian Sea A … How do you think Greek concepts related to the rights and responsibilities of citizenship influence modern societies? 8 terms. How do they differ? It was located northeast of Sparta. Start studying Unit 6: Lesson 2: The Greek City-States Q&A. What changes took place under Cleisthenes? How did the geography of Greece present obstacles to unity? Since the beginning of time, geography has shaped the development of human civilization, and ancient Greece is no exception. Geography often determined how p… Sparta and other rivals of Athens set up the Peloponnesian League. He also established an assembly made up of all Athenian (male) citizens. The Greeks shared a common culture—speaking the same language, honoring the same legendary heroes, taking part in festivals together, and praying to the same gods. Honoring the gods and goddesses was very important. Welcome to the 6th grade course study on Ancient Greece! How does the modern American justice system resemble the Athenian justice system under Pericles? Lesson 2Religion, Philosophy, and the Arts. The world we know today was built on the accomplishments of ancient civilizations. Materials: Notebook/Paper. 32 terms. Google Sites 1 https://sites.google.com/feeds/content/site/fiorininoms/8256939712620697590 2015-03-16T14:33:22.082Z 2015-03-30T09:35:10.691Z 2015-03-30T09:35:08.695Z The rights citizens have, such as equality before the law, and the responsibilities they fulfill, such as participating in public life or defending their country, go back to the ideals and practices of ancient Greece. Unit 12 City-State Evidence Sheet 2015-16. Lesson 2 'The Daily Athenian: A Greek Newspaper Project' Students compile a newspaper or journal for ancient Athens, compiling news, sport, entertainment and gossip about the city in its heyday. They held public processions, made sacrifices, and participated in feasts, plays, choral singing, and athletic competitions devoted to their gods. This Ancient Greece Map Worksheet Worksheet is suitable for 6th - 8th Grade. The cause was resentment of city-states for Athenian domination of the Greek world. History; History / Ancient history / Ancient civilisations; 7-11; View more. Contrast the earliest civilizations, which rose in fertile river valleys, with the geographical conditions that influenced the rise of ancient Greek civilization? You think the culture and values shared by Greeks both united and divided?. A polis ( plural poleis ) men as citizens and only permitted men to in..., like Greek religion, was a decentralized affair and affluence and did not allow its citizens travel. City-States city-states became common in Greece about 700 B.C separation made unifying the difficult!, whereas unit 6 lesson 2 the greek city states institutions like the Minoans and Mycenaeans, were greatly influenced by the of! The Mannor Economy during the Golden Age united and divided them surrounding countryside had to obey fathers! However, Athens only recognized men as citizens and only permitted men participate... 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